Having reviewed different approaches to religious science, this books sets out to examine various epistemological and theological challenges facing the production of this kind of science.
Arguing that religious propositions have their own scientific meanings, the author attempts to show that neither the science is excluded from the realm of religion nor the language of religion and science are comparable. The reflection of the culture of the time in religious language, the time-bound nature of religious statements, and the falsifiability of scientific propositions are the issues which are discussed in this regard. The author’s proposal for the religious science is the comprehensive assessment model according to which religious science is a knowledge that complies with the comprehensive assessment model based on which the current knowledge in its entirety including its principles, methods, assumptions, theories, applications, and objectives would be religiously assessed. In this model, assessment means measuring science against religious scriptures, comprising of confirmatory, contradictory, and testability aspects.
The contradictory aspect of the model investigates the principles, methods, theories, applications, and objectives of science in terms of their consistency with the divine laws and whether they contradict the laws or not or whether they violate the religious prohibitions or not.
The confirmatory aspect of the model provides the sciences with the guiding teachings of the religious scriptures. In this aspect, the guiding teachings of the religion are measured against their corresponding teachings in terms of the basic principles, assumptions, applications, and objectives of the science.
The testability aspect of the model demonstrate those religious teachings which are empirically or logically testable in principle.
This model imposes some requirements on researchers, academic establishment, and the target government, all of which are fully discussed at the concluding chapter of the book. However, this proposed model and its requirements provides the scholars with some practical solutions for achieving religious-pro knowledge.